by Hana Kabashi
In the process of writing a Master’s thesis, what follows is a primary source analysis using the provided links. For the purpose of this step in my work, the original source was edited to focus on the interviews with various women and organizations within Kosovo taken by journalist Peter Lippman in 1998 and 1999. I also include some of his journal entries that he wrote during his time in Kosovo.
In 1990, as Serbian nationalist rhetoric became stronger and stronger in the former Yugoslavia with Slobodan Milosevic at the helm, the autonomy granted to Kosovo in the years before was slowly stripped away. The Serbian government’s first step was to disband the Albanian police force in Kosovo and install a force of over 2,500 Serbian police. Albanians were no longer trusted to police themselves and soon a domino effect would occur. Albanian men and women in various positions of power or authority in schools, hospitals and governmental positions resigned or were replaced by Serbian counterparts.
The Albanian men that were a part of the Assembly of Kosovo—the governing faction of Kosovo that was represented in the Yugoslavian government—continued to try to counteract the aggressive and destructive legislative moves of the pro-Serbian authority but were repeatedly out-ranked and out-maneuvered. Eventually, all Albanian media sources would be suppressed. Newspapers and broadcast systems were disbanded or taken over by Serbian workers. As the Albanian population became increasingly subjugated, a seemingly unanimous decision amongst the population was to not trust or recognize the power of Serbia over them, at least in secret. Many schools were closed, and those that remained open to Albanian children forced them to learn solely the Serbian language and the Cyrillic alphabet. Soon a “parallel” society and government would emerge in Kosovo. Elections for an illegal, secret government were held in 1992. Schools and classes were held in homes and other private buildings, paid for by parents and donations from Albanians in the Diaspora community. In the early 1990s, the Albanian community would construct an entire society in secret, while publically trying to stay out of the Serbian government’s way. Continue reading